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The scenery of Guilin has been called the finest under heaven. Situated in the northeast of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Guilin City is South China's shining pearl , with verdant mountains , elegant waters , magnificent crags and fantastic caverns. It has a total area of 2,000 sq.km. and a population of 680.000 (the urban area being 54 sq.km. and the population 300,000).
Guilin has a history of more than 2,000 years.In the 6th year of Yuanding During the reign of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty ( 1 1 1 BC), Guilin was a county, called Shi An County, and from the Song Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty, it was the political, economic and cultural centre of Guangxi. In 1921,the North Expeditionary Army led by Sun Zhongshan (Dr. Sun Yat-sen) joined forces In Guilin,and the headquarters was sited in the Royal Palace at the foot Of the Solitary Beauty Peak. The city acquired its present name in the year of 1940.
Belonging to the subtropical region,Guilin enjoys a Mild climate with sufficient rainfall. Its yearly average temperature is 18.8'C, and the hottest month, August, has an average temperature of 28'C, while the coldest months, which are January and February are 8'C on the average. Du Fu,a very famous poet of Tang Dynasty so said of its climate: "When it is scorchingly hot everywhere in the Five Ridges, only Guilin has temperate weather."
Guilin was originally a vast expanse of sea until about one hundred and ninety million years ago, when, owing to the movement of the earth crust, the whole area rose and became land. The Limestone, weathered and eroded by water, became today's fantastic stone forests, peaks, underground streams and caves, thus giving unique features to Guilin's scenery.
The mountains In Guilin, rising abruptly from the ground, stand In various
stately shapes. Moreover. they have in them a great number of colourful
caves. These mountains with strangely-shaped peaks and caves of unique
formation, together with the crystal-clear rivers that surround the city,
characterize Guilin's scenery and have brought it world fame.
Guilin also abounds in historical relics. Stone carving alone amounts
to approximately 2,000 pieces. Of all the scenic spots in the city, Pu
Tuo Hill, Crescent Moon Hill and Folded Brocade Hill possess the greatest
number of these carvings. But crowning all is the Dragon Refuge Cave,
which, as It Is lined with stelae, is properly called "Guilin Stelae
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